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We are all familiar with food because we eat three times a day to fill our stomachs and fulfil our appetites and taste receptors. But do we really understand what food is and where it came from? Do you ever wonder what this cuisine is exactly?

Simply described, it is edible plants, animals, and their products prepared in various ways, as well as diverse liquids prepared from various sources in a nutritionally balanced manner.

Meaning of food

The word “food” has roots in many different languages, but it is primarily believed to have come from Germanic languages. Middle English words like ‘foode’, ‘fode’, and ‘foda’, as well as Old English ‘foda’ and Proto-Germanic ‘fodon’, all have similar meanings like nourishment, fuel, and other words.

It is a nutrient-rich material that includes key elements like protein, carbs, fat, and others that people, animals, and plants need for development, nourishment, and other vital functions.


 If you search of about types of food on google, the research will show many types, some show like 7, some 10, some 12 and so on but there are 5 major group of food.

  • Fruits and vegetables

It is recommended to consume 5 servings of fruits and vegetables every day since they include nutrients such as vitamins and minerals that aid in the growth and healing of the body. Because it is low in calories, it keeps your meal light, and it is high in fiber, it aids digestion. You can add fruits into your day by cutting them into cereal for breakfast, a mid-day snack, or before supper.

  • Starchy food

It is made up of potatoes, rice, pasta, and bread, among other things. They are high in minerals such as calcium, iron, and vitamins, as well as fiber.


Wholegrains, such as brown rice, wholegrain pasta, whole oats, and wholegrain bread, have a high fiber content, which takes longer to digest and keeps you fuller for longer.

  • Dairy

Dairy mostly refers to animal-derived goods such as milk, cheese, curd, cotton cheese, butter, and so on. They are high in protein and vitamins, as well as calcium and iron, which are essential for bone formation and development.

Dairy alternatives include soya milk and nut milk, which are plant-based milks popular among vegans and lactose intolerant individuals.

  • Protein

The source of protein majorly is animal sourced that is meat, chicken, eggs, fish and sea foods, and some part also comes from plant sourced like beans, pulses, beans, sprouts, tofu, and other vegetables along with a high content of fiber also. Protein is the major nutrient needed by body is helps in our muscle developing and repairing, so it’s should be in a good amount in our meals.